There are two types of learning that can occur within education: Blended and Flipped.
Blended learning is referred to as the integration of both online and face-to-face strategies (Hew & Cheung, 2014, p. 2). A combination has now been made with e-learning, the traditional classroom methods and independent study in order to create a new hybrid teaching methodology (Mindflash, no date). In basic terms, it is a teaching method that uses both online and offline learning. The different technologies that can be used with blended learning are:
- reading material online
- online assignments
The benefits of blended learning are:
- Flexible/personalised teaching/learning- allows content to be presented how you prefer. Harder topics can be presented in the classroom with others being made available online. As a teacher you can choose to go from on to the other!
- Effectiveness- it has been found that it enhances both the effectiveness and efficiency of meaningful learning experiences.
- Efficient- teaching can be delivered quicker and to a broader audience. With different tools such as videos being available, it increases the re-usage
- Learning Styles blended learning reaches all the different earning styles which is important as a teacher to cater for all these to gain effective achievement for all.
(Patterson, 2016, online).
Flipped Learning is a pedagogical approach where direct instruction switches
from the group learning space to an individual learning space, which results in a dynamic, interactive learning environment, with the educator guiding students as they apply concepts and engage creatively in the subject matter (Flipped Learning Network, 2014, online). To break this definition down, flipped learning is also known as school work at home and home work at school. Students are introduced to content at home in which they begin to practise working through this at school (TeachThoughtStaff, 2016, online). The different technologies that can be used with flipped learning are:
- Video tutorials/explanations
- Online Discussions
- Online Lectures
- Live Streams from teacher
- Virtual Tutors
The benefits of flipped learning are:
- Less frustration is caused with homework- it allows them to watch/listen to lectures at home and then problems can be solved in the classroom with the teachers guidance.
- When a new concept is misunderstood, questions can be asked and get immediate targeted answers.
- Students who are absent due to illness, too long a commute, or any other reason, can catch up with their peers faster and easier than with a normal classroom.
(Mihai, 2016, online)
How does Blended and Flipped Learning differ?
Both these ways of learning consist of suing different types of technologies, however, the way they are used and when is slightly different. With blended learning, digital technology is used within a lesson alongside the face-to-face interaction with the teacher. Online materials are used as well as interaction where they both compliment each other, to create a comprehensive leaning environment.
Flipped learning on the other hand is the opposite: digital technology is to be used at home e.g. to watch videos BEFORE going into the lesson/classroom, in which the classroom is then used for the face-to-face interaction to deepen their knowledge and understanding. The classroom is only used to solve the problems and understand concepts, that they have been introduced to at home.
(Pappas, 2016, online)
Flipped Learning Network (FLN), 2014. Flip Learning: What Is Flipped Learning?. [Online]
Available at: https://flippedlearning.org/wpcontent/uploads/2016/07/FLIP_handout_FNL_Web.pdf
[Accessed 26 03 2018].
Hew, K. F. & Cheung, W. S., 2014. Using Blended Learning: Evidence-Based Practices. Hong Kong: Springer.
Mihai, L., 2016. 8 Flipped Classroom Benefits For Students And Teachers. [Online]
Available at: https://elearningindustry.com/8-flipped-classroom-benefits-students-teachers %5BAccessed 26 03 2018].
Mindflash (no date). What is Blended Learning ? [Online] Available at: https://www.mindflash.com/elearning/what-is-blended-learning [Accessed 21 03 2018).
Patterson, J, 2016. Knowledge Wave: The 7 Most Important Benefits of Blended Learning. [Online] Available at: http://www.knowledgewave.com/blog/benefits-of-blended-learning
[Accessed 21 03 2018].
Pappas, C, 2016. Blended Learning vs Flipped Learning: Can You Tell The Difference?. [Online] Available at: https://elearningindustry.com/blended-learning-vs-flipped-learning-can-tell-difference %5BAccessed 26 03 2018].
TeachThoughtStaff, 2016. Teach Thought: The Definition Of The Flipped Classroom. [Online] Available at: https://www.teachthought.com/learning/the-definition-of-the-flipped-classroom/ %5BAccessed 26 03 2018].